Ski Company, 250 "Division Azul"

A World War II Living History organization depicting the Spanish Volunteer Division that fought on the Eastern Front.

Regulations for Wear: German Awards

     The guripas of Division Azul occupied a unique place in the German military. Officially part of both the German Heer and the Spanish Ejercito de Tierra, Spanish soldiers were eligible for German and Spanish military awards, often wearing both on their uniforms, in combat and on parade. Many of the Spanish decorations were earned during the Spanish Civil War, some even beforehand, as well as for service in Russia.

All awards earned will be noted in the member's records. Except for formal occassions and inspections, there are limitations to the number that may be worn in the field:

1. No more than 3 Spanish awards may be worn at a time. If the wearer has received the same award multiple times, only one of that award may be worn. 

2. No more than 4 German awards may be worn at a time, of which, no more than 2 can be badges (i.e. Iron Cross 1st, War Merit 1st, Combat Clasp, Assault Badge, Wound Badge).

3. If a member has received the 1st and 2nd classes of an award, both may be worn unless this puts the member over the limit, in which case only the 1st class is worn (i.e. Iron Cross 1st over 2nd Class; War Merit 1st over 2nd Class).

4. The final decision which awards to wear is at the member's personal preference.

German Award Criteria

Knight’s Cross w/Oakleaves

"Cruz de Caballero con Hojas de Roble"

Historical Criteria

For an additional act of bravery or leadership over and above the requirements for the Knights Cross of the Iron Cross

Unit Criteria

General Munoz-Grandes was the only member of the Division to receive this award. As such, no member of 250 Ski Company is eligible for this award 

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Knight’s Cross

"Cruz de Caballero"

Historical Criteria

For additional acts of bravery or leadership over and above the requirements for the Iron Cross, 1st Class.

Unit Criteria

Only General Munoz-Grandes and General Esteban-Infantes were awarded this medal. As such, no member of 250 Ski Company is eligible for this award.

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Iron Cross

"Cruz de Hierro"

     Historical Criteria

1st Class: For 5 acts of bravery that were clearly above the call of duty. Additionally, it was sometimes awarded concurently with the 2nd Class for significant acts of heroism.

2nd Class: A single act of bravery in the face of the enemy, or actions that were clearly above the call of duty.

Unit Criteria

1st Class: To any member for a "multiple acts of bravery, daring, or leadership” during a single tactical  battle reenactment. The actions must make a lasting impression on the enemy or prove pivotal to the battle's outcome. The member must be recommended by at least 2 persons outside of the unit. 

May also be awarded in lieu of, or in conjuction with, a second Iron Cross, 2nd Class.

 2nd Class: To any member for a single “act of bravery, daring, or leadership” during a tactical  battle reenactment. Action must make a lasting impression. The memeber must be recommended by at least 1 person outside of the unit. The award must then be approved by the majority of the unit’s NCOs and officers.

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War Merit Cross w/Swords

"Cruz de Merito de Guerra con Espadas"

Historical Criteria

1st Class: Awarded for continuous meritorious achievement. Presented without swords for actions not directly involved military operations; with swords for actions directly involved in operations, but not necessarily in the face of the enemy.

2nd Class: Awarded for meritorious achievement. Presented without swords for actions not directly involved military operations; with swords for actions directly involved in operations, but not necessarily in the face of the enemy

Unit Criteria

1st Class: Awarded for a conspicuous display of "skill & leadership" during a tactical battle reenactment.  In order to receive the award, members must be recommended by at least 1 person outside of the unit and approved by the majority of the unit’s members. Prior service NCOs/officers are not eligible for this award.

2nd Class: Awarded for making a positive and significant contribution to the unit's overall effectiveness, historical impression, and/or reputation. In order to receive the award, members must be recommended by an NCO or officer outside of the unit and approved by the majority of the unit’s members. _________________________________________________________________

Close Combat Clasp

"Plaque de Combate Cuerpo a Cuerpo"

Historical Criteria

Spanish criteria for this award differed from their German counterparts. German soldiers were issued the badge based on a set number of days in hand-to-hand combat in which they could see "the whites of the enemys' eyes." 

Spanish guripas earned the award for participation in a "golpe del mano", or "slap of the hand", a limited attack of 5-30 men conducted to cause disorder, gather intelligence, capture prisoners, gap minefields, and/or provoke a premature counter-attack, often involving close-quarters combat and grenade assaults behind enemy lines.

Gold: Particiaption in 15 golpe del mano raids

Silver: Particiaption in 10 golpe del mano raids

Bronze: Participation in 5 golpe del mano raids

Unit Criteria

Gold: Awarded for participating in 15 golpe de mano assaults in which the member must command at least 5 of the assaults.

Silver: Awarded for participating in 10 golpe de mano assaults, in which the member must command at least 1 of the assaults.

Bronze: Awarded for participating in 5 golpe de mano assaults.

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Assault Badge

"Plaque de Asalto"

Historical Criteria

Infantry Assault Badge: To have taken part in 3 or more infantry assaults, counter-attacks, or armed patrols on 3 separate occasions. Awarded only to non-mechanized or motorized light infantry units (i.e. Grenadiers, Fusiliers, Jagers, Gerbisjagers)

General Assault Badge: To have taken part in 3 or more assaults, counter-attacks, or armed patrols on 3 separate occasions and not be eligible for the Infantry Assault Badge.

Unit Criteria

Awarded to members after participation in 3 tactical battle reenactments. As an infantry unit, all members are eligible for the Infantry Assault Badge, although Pioneers, Artillery, and Panzer-jagers may opt to wear the General Assault Badge.

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Tank Destruction Badge

"Destruccion Individual de Tanque"

Historical Criteria

Gold: Awarded for the destruction of 5 armored vehicles with an individual weapon or by improvised means

Silver: Awarded for the destruction of an armored vehicle with an individual weapon or by improvised means

Unit Criteria

Gold: Awarded for the destruction of an enemy armored vehicle with an individual weapon or by improvised means while in actual combat, or in lieu of 5 silver awards.

Silver: Awarded at the end of a calendar year to the member who has earned the most points in destroying enemy armored vehicles by improvised means; tanks =3 pts; ½-tracks, armored cars, etc. =2 pts.

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Wound Badge

"Plaque de Herrida"

Historical Criteria

Gold: Awarded for being wounded in combat 5 or more times; also awarded posthumously.

Silver: Awarded for being wounded in combat 3 or more times (as per the Black Wound Badge), or for 1 serious wound resulting in a permanently disability.

Black: Awarded for being wounded in combat that does not result in a permanent disability.

Unit Criteria

Gold: Not issued as the men eligible for this award would be sent home or have been killed in action.

Silver: Awarded to any member for sustaining injuries during a battle reenactment that requires major medical attention and evacuation to an Emergency Room. 

Black: Awarded to any member for sustaining any injuries during a battle reenactment that requires medical attention and prevents further participation in the event, but does not require evacuation to an ER.

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Eastern Front Medal

"Medalla de Frente Oriental"

Historical Criteria

Awarded for 14 days of combat, 60 days of non-combat, or having received wounds or frostbite while serving on the Russian Front.

Unit Criteria

Awarded to any prior service member with actual service in Russia or with Russian military forces or to all members after 1 year of membership and participation in 6 events (either tactical or public display), to include 1 winter event.

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Spanish Cross w/Swords

"Cruz de Espana con Espadas"

Historical Criteria

Awarded to veterans of the German Condor Legion for service in the Spanish Civil War.

Unit Criteria

Awarded by the 250 Ski Company to Wehrmacht personnel outside of the unit for distinguished service in support of the Blue Division.

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