Ski Company, 250 "Division Azul"

A World War II Living History organization depicting the Spanish Volunteer Division that fought on the Eastern Front.

Regulations for Wear: Spanish Awards

     The guripas of Division Azul occupied a unique place in the German military. Officially part of both the German Heer and the Spanish Ejercito de Tierra, Spanish soldiers were eligible for German and Spanish military awards, often wearing both on their uniforms, in combat and on parade. Many of the Spanish decorations were earned during the Spanish Civil War, some even beforehand, as well as for service in Russia.

All awards earned will be noted in the member's records. Except for formal occassions and inspections, there are limitations to the number that may be worn in the field:

1. No more than 3 Spanish awards may be worn at a time. If the wearer has received the same award multiple times, only one of that award may be worn. 

2. No more than 4 German awards may be worn at a time, of which, no more than 2 can be badges (i.e. Iron Cross 1st, War Merit 1st, Combat Clasp, Assault Badge, Wound Badge).

3. If a member has received the 1st and 2nd classes of an award, both may be worn unless this puts the member over the limit, in which case only the 1st class is worn (i.e. Iron Cross 1st over 2nd Class; War Merit 1st over 2nd Class).

4. The final decision which awards to wear is at the member's personal preference.

Spanish Award Criteria

 Military Merit Medal

"Medella de Merito Militar"

Historical Criteria

Awarded by the Spanish army to units or members of the Division for actions that were clearly above and beyond the call of duty.

The unit award is a 42mm gold wreath on a red badge with the name of the action inscribed in gold lettering in the center.  Additional actions were inscribed below the wreath on individual red stripes.  The badge was worn on the left sleeve cuff of the individual soldier and placed in the corner of the unit's colors.   

 

 

Unit Criteria

Individual Award: To any member for  "multiple acts of bravery, daring, or leadership” during a single tactical battle reenactment. The actions must make a lasting impression on the enemy or prove pivotal to the battle's outcome. The member must be recommended by at least 3 person outside of the unit and 2 unit members. The award must then be approved by the majority of the unit’s members.  Recipient must have been previously awarded an Iron Cross, 1st Class. 

Collective Award: To founding members of 250 Ski Company in honor of the survivors of the Battle of Lake Ilmen. 

________________________________________________________________  

War Cross

"Cruz de la Guerra"

  

Historical Criteria

Awarded by the Spanish army to members of the Division for actions that were clearly above and beyond the call of duty. 

Unit Criteria

Only to those members who have been decorated for valor.

____________________________________________________________________________

 Military Merit Cross

"Cruz de Merito Militar"

 

Historical Criteria

Awarded in two classes, Rojo (for combat actions) or Blanco (for non-combat actions), to individuals of the Spanish military for actions that were clearly above and beyond the call of duty. 

Unit Criteria

Rojo:  Awarded for “bravery, daring, and leadership” during a tactical battle reenactment for actions that make a lasting impression on the enemy or prove pivotal to the battle's outcome. The member must be recommended by at least 1 person outside of the unit and 2 unit members.  Recipient must have been previously awarded an Iron Cross, 2nd Class. 

Blanco:  Awarded for making a positive and significant contribution to the unit's overall effectiveness, historical impression, and/or reputation. In order to receive the award, members must be recommended by a unit NCO or officer and approved by the majority of the unit’s members.

  __________________________________________________________________________ 

Spanish Wound Medal

"Sufrimiento por la Patria" 

Historical Criteria

 1st Class: Yellow with green edges, it is awarded to members of the Spanish military for injuries sustained in combat due to enemy action.

2nd Class: Plain yellow, it is awarded to members of the Spanish military for injuries sustained for reasons not due to enemy action.

 

Unit Criteria

1st Class: Awarded only to recipients of the Purple Heart.

2nd Class: Awarded to any member for sustaining any injuries during a battle reenactment that may require first aid but does not prevent further participation in the event. May also be worn in lieu of a German Wound Badge.

 

 __________________________________________________________________________

Spanish Civil War Campaign Medal

"Medella de la Guerra Civil"

 

Historical Criteria

Awarded to veterans of the Spanish Civil War (1936-39), this ribbon came in two classes:

1st Class: Edged in black, was awarded to those who served as front-line troops.

2nd Class: Edged in green, was awarded to those who served in a support role.

Unit Criteria

1st Class: Awarded to members with actual combat service.

2nd Class: Awarded to members who served during wartime, but not in actual combat.

_________________________________________________________________

Morocco Campaign Medal

"Medella de Marruecos"

Historical Criteria

Awarded to veterans of the Moroccan War (1915-27)

Unit Criteria

Award to members with service in Africa or the Middle East and are at least 35 years of age.

______________________________________________________________________________

Blue Division Medal

"Medella de la Division Azul"

 

Historical Criteria

Awarded to all veterans of 250 Infantry Division

Unit Criteria

May be worn by members in lieu of German Ostfront ribbon when portraying a late war impression (1944-45)

________________________________________________________________

Unique Badges Worn by the Division

     Many of the guripas of Division Azul wore many bagdes and insignia that were not authorized by the German Army. These badges often showed the wearer's political preferences or professional affiliations in Spain. As they were non-regulation, they were worn on the German uniform according to personal preference. Listed below are just a few examples of such insignia and the requirements for a member to wear them.

     Some members may be eligible for multiple badges.  In such a case, the badge worn is entirely at the member's discretion and personal preference. 

    Divisa del Ejercito de Tierra

     Heraldic insignia of the Spanish Army worn on uniform caps by all ranks. Many volunteers of Division Azul were members of the Spanish Army and wore this insignia on their German uniforms. Authorized for members with a minimum of 2 years of active-duty service in any branch of the US military.  

 

Divisa del Milicia Falange    

     Insignia of the Falange militia in Spain. Many volunteers of Division Azul  fought in the ranks of this militia group during the Spanish Civil War (1936-39) and continued to wear this insignia in German uniform. Authorized for members who have served in the National Guard or Reserve components of the US military.

 

  Divisa de Sindicato Español Universitario

   The SEU was a student organization that fought with the Nationalist forces during the Spanish Civial War. Many SEU members went on to become officers in the Division Azul as well as the Spanish military after the war.  Authorized for members who have received an officer's commission in the U.S. military through an ROTC program.